The death of Saul completes the contrast in his and David's relationship with God as men and as leaders of their people. In the strength of God David finds deliverance but in his own strength Saul finds demise.
The capture of David's family and those of his men is a turning point in the books of 1 and 2 Samuel and reflects the events of Christ's resurrection and ascension.
David's bitter experiences contained all the same kinds of stress that plague our lives in the world today; but only through that was he able to learn that the Lord is the only reliable source of security, as we read in his Psalms.
The night before Saul and Jonathan die in battle against the Philistines, Saul ventures further into the world of darkness and evil by consulting a medium in Endor.
Although David's faith in God is tested for yet a third time while in the wilderness fleeing from King Saul, he has now come to have a deeper knowledge and confidence in God's presence, providence and salvation.
The folly of Nabal's hostile reaction to David's men when they ask for food after guarding his shepherds for a season, is countered by the wisdom of his wife, Abigail, which brings about a peaceful resolution.
When Saul unknowingly enters the cave David and his men are hiding in, David resists the urge to kill him because he feels it is not God's will to save himself from Saul by murdering him.
David's time in the wilderness evading Saul was a time of extreme testing for him. God also puts us through wilderness testing to exercise and prove our faith.
In 1 Samuel 22, the struggle between Saul and David symbolizes the conflict between the Antichrist and Christ's church revealed in Revelation.
The way in which God was with David when he fled from Saul and subsequently escaped from Achish, the king of Gath, is the same way he is with us and working through his people today.
David first needed the protection of Jonathan's friendship, and then God's spirit among the prophets, and now the covenant he made with Jonathan which reflects the Covenant of Grace that God has with David's descendants.